Glossary (Terms)

5 A B C D E I M N P R S U V Z All

5G

5th Generation

What is 5G?  The next telecom standards operating in the millimeter wave bands (28, 38, and 60 GHz); 5G planning aims at higher capacity than current 4G, allowing a higher density of mobile broadband users, and supporting device-to-device, more reliable, and massive machine communications. The fundamental appeal of 5G lies in the fact that the entire infrastructure acts as a cohesive platform for innovative applications and is tuned to flex with demand - providing services tailored to their unique characteristics. While the infrastructure may encompass discrete components from multiple vendors and heterogeneous wireless networks, it is designed to be a fully programmable and an interoperable framework both in the core and radio resource management.

5G (New Radio)

5G New Radio

What is 5G (NR)? Exponential growth in network traffic, new use cases and shared spectrum resources have placed a tremendous pressure on MNOs to find the most efficient use of their allocated radio spectrum. There is a need for a New Radio evolution to improve spectral efficiency and superior network capacity. This evolution starts with 5G NR (New Radio) which is the new standard for 5G wireless technology capable of much faster, efficient and scalable network. Associated with the new standards being developed for 5G RAN by the 3GPP.  5G (NR) delivers high levels of capabilities to the network by increasing the spectrum efficiency, traffic capacity, throughput, reliability, number of connected devices and reducing end-to-end latency.

A2P

Application to Person

What is A2P? Featured in our MaaP solution, A2P generally refers to functionality that allows an application (e.g., a web app) to send a message to one, or many simultaneous, mobile phones. Common use cases of A2P are alerts, notification, and branded marketing messages, such as flight alerts. In all the cases, communication is initiated from a business application, and not an individual’s mobile phone, as is the case with P2P SMS.

BBU

Baseband Unit

What is BBU? A baseband unit (BBU) is a unit that processes baseband in telecomm systems. A typical wireless telecom station consists of the baseband processing unit and the RF processing unit (remote radio unit - RRU). The baseband unit is placed in the equipment room and connected with RRU via optical fiber. The BBU is responsible for communication through the physical interface. A BBU has the following characteristics: modular design, small size, low power consumption and can be easily deployed. Virtualized RAN offers a strategic differentiation by enabling the RRUs to interwork with the virtualized Cloud BBU over a non-ideal fronthaul (i.e. ethernet), overcoming the traditional constraints of CPRI over fiber.

C-RAN

Centralized Radio Access Network

What is C-RAN?  The acronym C-RAN, for “Centralized RAN” is sometimes mistakenly defined as “Cloud RAN,” but it actually refers to a centralized, cloud-computing-based architecture for radio access networks that supports 2G, 3G, 4G and future telecommunication standards. It is an architecture which enables radios and antennas to be deployed close to the end user without the expense of a base station onsite. The Base station equipment can be located in a less expensive location and connected to the radios with fiber, allowing network capacity to be allocated dynamically.

CA

Carrier Aggregation

What is CA? Carrier Aggregation is a technology to combine two or more carriers into one data channel to enhance the data capacity. It is possible to combine carriers in the same or different frequency bands. The easiest way to aggregate carriers is to take two or more contiguous channels within the same frequency band (intra-band, contiguous). It is also possible to combine two or more non-contiguous channels within the same band (intra-band, non-contiguous). The most challenging form is to aggregate two or more carriers from different frequency bands (intra-band; non-contiguous). Carrier aggregation technology is implemented in most modern mobile communication systems, like LTE and WiMax.

capex

Capital Expenditure

What is capex? The money a company spends to buy, maintain or improve its fixed assets, such as buildings and equipment. This word is commonly capitalized like an acronym, but it is now a word in its own right. Capital expenditures contrast with operating expenses (opex), which are ongoing expenses that are inherent to the operation of the asset. Opex includes items like electricity or cleaning. The difference between opex and capex may not be immediately obvious for some expenses; for instance, repaving the parking lot may be thought of inherent to the operation of a shopping mall. The dividing line for items like these is that the expense is considered capex if the financial benefit of the expenditure extends beyond the current fiscal year. Download our White Paper on how with a Cloud RAN Deployment, Mobile Operators Can See 49% Savings in capex and 31% Annual Savings in opex.

Chatbot

Chatbot

What is a Chatbot?  A chatbot (also known as a talkbot, chatterbot, Bot, IM bot, interactive agent, or Artificial Conversational Entity) is a computer program or an artificial intelligence which conducts a conversation via auditory or textual methods. Such programs are often designed to convincingly simulate how a human would behave as a conversational partner, thereby passing the Turing test. The design of Mavenir RCS opens up possibilities to provide advanced communication between third party businesses and messaging users for a wide range of services such as Chatbots, Plugins, Artificial Intelligence and other third party industrial applications. For more information see our Messaging as a Platform services.

Cloud Network Function

Cloud Network Function

What is Cloud Network Function?  Cloud Network Function is defined as a virtual network function (VNF), but with the added functionality of a VNF Manager and/or orchestration (MANO) that enable automated, elastic demand and service chaining functionality. Network functions virtualization (NFV) sometimes goes by VNF in the industry. Often used interchangeably, both focus primarily on optimization of the network services, contrary to software-defined networking (SDN), which separates the control and forwarding plane for a centralized view of the network. Virtual network function is designed to consolidate and deliver the networking components necessary to support a full virtualized environment.

Cloud RAN

Cloud Radio Access Network

What is Cloud RAN? Cloud RAN is sometimes referred to Virtualized RAN (vRAN). It is a broader understanding of the C-RAN, which does not limit the RAN to having a centralized architecture. The Cloud RAN in this usage can also imply a MEC architecture, which pushes processing power out to the Access portion of the network, and even further out to the devices themselves.