Glossary

5 A B C D E I M N P R S U V Z All

5G

5th Generation Mobile Network = 5G

What is 5G?  The next telecom standards operating in the millimeter wave bands (28, 38, and 60 GHz); 5G planning aims at higher capacity than current 4G, allowing a higher density of mobile broadband users, and supporting device-to-device, more reliable, and massive machine communications

5G (NR)

5G New Radio = 5G (NR)

What is 5G (NR)? Associated with the new standards being developed for 5G RAN by the 3GPP.  5G (NR) delivers high levels of capabilities to the network by increasing the spectrum efficiency, traffic capacity, throughput, reliability, number of connected devices and reducing end-to-end latency.

A2P

Application to Person = A2P

What is A2P? Featured in our MaaP solution, A2P generally refers to functionality that allows an application (e.g., a web app) to send a message to one, or many simultaneous, mobile phones. Common use cases of A2P are alerts, notification, and branded marketing messages, such as flight alerts.

BBU

Baseband Unit = BBU

What is BBU? A baseband unit (BBU) is a unit that processes baseband in telecomm systems. A typical wireless telecom station consists of the baseband processing unit and the RF processing unit (remote radio unit - RRU). The baseband unit is placed in the equipment room and connected with RRU via optical fiber. The BBU is responsible for communication through the physical interface. A BBU has the following characteristics: modular design, small size, low power consumption and can be easily deployed. Cloud RAN offers a strategic differentiation by enabling the RRUs to interwork with the virtualized Cloud BBU over a non-ideal fronthaul (i.e. ethernet), overcoming the traditional constraints of CPRI over fiber.

C-RAN

Centralized Radio Access Network = C-RAN

What is C-RAN?  The acronym C-RAN, for “Centralized RAN” is sometimes mistakenly defined as “Cloud-RAN,” but it actually refers to a centralized, cloud-computing-based architecture for radio access networks that supports 2G, 3G, 4G and future telecommunication standards. It is an architecture which enables radios and antennas to be deployed close to the end user without the expense of a base station onsite. The Base station equipment can be located in a less expensive location and connected to the radios with fiber, allowing network capacity to be allocated dynamically.

CA

Carrier Aggregation = CA

What is CA? Carrier aggregation is a feature of LTE-Advanced used to increase the bandwidth and thereby increase the bitrate.

capex

Capital Expenditure = capex

What is capex? The money a company spends to buy, maintain or improve its fixed assets, such as buildings and equipment. This word is commonly capitalized like an acronym, but it is now a word in its own right. Download our White Paper on how with a Cloud RAN Deployment, Mobile Operators Can See 49% Savings in capex and 31% Annual Savings in opex.

Chatbot

What is a Chatbot?  A chatbot (also known as a talkbot, chatterbot, Bot, IM bot, interactive agent, or Artificial Conversational Entity) is a computer program or an artificial intelligence which conducts a conversation via auditory or textual methods. Such programs are often designed to convincingly simulate how a human would behave as a conversational partner, thereby passing the Turing test. The design of Mavenir RCS opens up possibilities to provide advanced communication between third party businesses and messaging users for a wide range of services such as Chatbots, Plugins, Artificial Intelligence and other third party industrial applications. For more information see our Messaging as a Platform services.

Cloud Network Function

What is Cloud Network Function?  Cloud Network Function is defined as a virtual network function (VNF), as described above, but with the added functionality of a VNF Manager and/or orchestration (MANO) that enable automated, elastic demand and service chaining functionality.

Cloud Radio Access Network

Cloud RAN = Cloud Radio Access Network

What is Cloud RAN? Cloud RAN is sometimes referred to vRAN. It is a broader understanding of the C-RAN, which does not limit the RAN to having a centralized architecture. The Cloud RAN in this usage can also imply a MEC architecture, which pushes processing power out to the Access portion of the network, and even further out to the devices themselves.

COTS

Commercial Off the Shelf = COTS

What is COTS? Refers to low-cost servers that are commonly available, plug-and-play appliances for running any virtualized software. Commonly used in Mavenir's 4G and 5G Solutions.

CUPS

Control and User Plane Separation = CUPS

What is CUPS? Essential to 5G networks, CUPS reduces latency on application service, e.g. by selecting User plane nodes which are closer to the RAN or more appropriate for the intended UE usage type without increasing the number of control plane nodes. Also, CUPS supports increase of data traffic, by enabling to add user plane nodes without changing the number of SGW-C, PGW-C and TDF-C in the network. This is independent evolution of the CP and UP functions enabling Software Defined Networking to deliver user plane data more efficiently while maintaining full EPC media service set at the edge.

DRA

Diameter Routing Agent = DRA

What is DRA?  An IP signaling protocol that provides authentication, authorization, and accounting (AAA) functions in IP-based networks  

E2E

End to End = E2E

What is E2E? Mavenir’s fully virtualized Cloud RAN, small footprint EPC coupled with E2E dynamic network slicing capabilities enable the deployment of tailored service-centric architectures at the network edge, transforming local context, agility, rapid response time and speed into value.

EPC

Evolved Packet Core = EPC

What is EPC? The core network of the LTE System, EPC was introduced by 3GPP in release 8 as a “flat architecture” with the goal of handling data traffic more efficiently from a performance and cost perspective. EPC is offered by Mavenir as a virtualized solution (vEPC).

IMS Core

IP Multimedia Subsystem = IMS Core

What is IMS Core?  Standards-based architecture for enabling the delivery of multimedia services such as voice calls, messaging, and file sharing; consists of Human Subscriber Server (HSS) and Call Session Control Function (CSCF).

IoT

Internet of Things = IoT

What is IoT? The Internet of Things refers to the billions of devices worldwide that are now connected to the internet, sharing and collecting data. This is driving mobile transformation and new economics models due to increased subscriber demand and growing capacity needs. Mavenir’s 4G and 5G network core and radio access solutions support the architectures needed for successful IoT future.

MANO

Management and Orchestration = MANO

What is MANO? Mavenir's CloudRangeapproach includes architecting VNFs as Microservices, deconstructed into independently scalable components, as well as an NFV MANO suite.

Massive MIMO

Massive Multiple-Input Multiple-Output = Massive MIMO

What is Massive MIMO? Massive MIMO uses simultaneous transmit and receive streams controlled by software to create higher network capacity while minimizing errors and optimizing speed. With extended coverage offered by Massive MIMO, Mavenir helps operators avoid site densification that entails costly new base station sites.

MEC

Multi-access Edge Computing = MEC

What is MEC? The acronym used to be referred to as “Mobile Edge Computing,”. Mavenir leverages MEC usage as it describes the condition of the network’s machine intelligence and processing power being distributed out to the very devices accessing the network at the literal “edge,” i.e., Cloud RAN or vMBC.

mUCC

Mobile-native Unified Communications and Collaboration = mUCC

What is mUCC? This is a product designation meaning a UCC system that is “mobile-native" to the operator core network.

NFV

Network Functions Virtualization = NFV

What is NFV? An initiative to virtualize the network services that are now being carried out by proprietary, dedicated hardware, thus decreasing the amount of proprietary hardware that is needed to launch and operate network services.  Components of NFV framework include: NFV infrastructure (NFVI), management and organization (MANO), software defined networking (SDN) controllers and related services.  CloudRange is Mavenir's network functions virtualization (NFV) and container management and orchestration platform. 

PNF

Physical Network Function = PNF

What is PNF?  Physical Network Function (PNF) is defined as where the network function is a combination of hardware and software. The hardware may be either a purpose-built hardware product, ATCA chassis or appliance.

RAN

Radio Access Network = RAN

What is RAN? Radio access network: the part of a telecommunications system that implements a radio technology (e.g. UTRAEvolved UTRACDMA2000DECTGERAN) to access the Core Network. The radio access network conceptually resides between user equipment (i.e. mobile phones and other devices) and the Core Network. Mavenir's cloud-based version is Cloud RAN.

RRH

Remote Radio Head = RRH

What is RRH? Radios placed on top of roof tops or towers. These are the core parts of the macroCell and Small cell transmission technology. As an MEC application, Private LTE is considered a small cell.

RRU

Remote Radio Unit = RRU

What is RRU? A remote radio transceiver that connects to an operator radio control panel. Is used interchangeably with RRH (remote radio head), with RRH being the more common of the two.

Small Cell (or Femto Cell)

What is Small Cell (or Femto Cell)? A Home eNode B (HeNB) is an LTE femtocell. Wi-Fi is a small cell but does not operate in licensed spectrum and therefore cannot be managed as effectively as small cells utilising licensed spectrum. As an MEC application, Private LTE is considered a small cell.

UCaaS

Unified Communications as a Service = UCaaS

What is UCaaS? UCaaS is a cloud delivery model that offers a variety of communication and collaboration applications and services. From an MNO point of view, deploying a UCaaS solution means letting a third party, such as Mavenir, deliver a white-labeled service from a managed cloud environment. The third party takes care of all the network elements, keeps the software running and updated to the latest features and provides a white-label solution with a wholesale recurring price that the MNO can bring to market with their own brand, marketing, pricing, and value proposition and is transparent to the end user.

UCC

Unified Communications and Collaboration = UCC

What is UCC? Unified communications and collaboration (UCC) describes the combination of communications and collaboration technologies. Until recently, enterprise collaboration vendors were fairly distinct from those for enterprise communications, with software companies like Microsoft and IBM dominating the former and telephony and networking vendors comprising the latter. However, this distinction has become blurred because Microsoft and IBM offer voice and telephony features and vendors like Cisco have moved into the collaboration market. Mavenir offers a virtualized version that is “mobile-native" to the operator core network.

Universal Profile

What is Universal Profile? The GSMA published the Universal Profile in November 2016. The Universal Profile is a globally agreed, single GSMA specification for advanced communications. Carriers that deploy the Universal Profile guarantee interconnection with other carriers. RCS takes full advantage of the universal profile to provide a consistent and interoperable messaging experience between all supported devices across all operators worldwide. The Universal Profile is also used to support Messaging-as-a-Platform.

v-SAE-GW

Virtual System Architecture Evolution-Gateway = v-SAE-GW

What is v-SAE-GW? This a virtualized gateway function of the vEPC. It is the main component of the Evolved Packet Core (EPC), also known as the SAE Core.

vBBU

Virtualized Base Band Unit = vBBU

What is vBBU? Mavenir Cloud RAN extends functional element virtualization to the edge of the network, and provides strategic differentiation by enabling remote radio units (RRUs) to interwork with the virtualized base band unit (vBBU) over ethernet fronthaul at a tenth of the bandwidth proprietary solutions require. The vBBU is designed to support multiple fronthaul architectures simultaneously and opens the door to previously excluded fronthaul transmission solutions.

vC-SGN

Virtual Cellular IoT Serving Gateway Node = vC-SGN

What is vC-SGN? This is a collapsed packet core designed for virtualized environments to support Cellular IoT (CIoT) traffic. Mavenir vCSGN features simple deployment and optimization with reduced backhaul costs, enabling operators to quickly react to market changes, thus ensuring a high return on investment and a lower total cost of ownership.

vEPC

Virtual Evolved Packet Core = vEPC

What is vEPC? A virtualized evolved packet core (see EPC) moves the core network's individual components that traditionally run on dedicated hardware to software that operates on low-cost commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) servers. vEPC is an innovative Evolved Packet Core (EPC) specifically designed from the ground up for virtualized environments.

VNF

Virtualized Network Function = VNF

What is VNF? Network able to simulate hardware functionality in software as a virtual instance, which is supported on generic host hardware. Mavenir's approach includes architecting VNFs as Microservices, deconstructed into independently scalable components, as well as, an NFV MANO suite. Mavenir NFV CloudRangeputs CSPs in control of VNF or container lifecycle management.

vPGW

Virtualized Packet Data Network Gateway = vPGW

What is vPGW? This a virtualized gateway function of the vEPC. It provides connectivity from the UE to external packet data networks by being the point of entry.

vRAN

Virtual Radio Access Network = vRAN

What is vRAN? A virtual RAN consists of a centralized pool of baseband units (BBUs), virtualized RAN control functions and service delivery optimization. With a virtual RAN, baseband modules are shifted away from the base station and to data centers – resulting in functions of the BBUs to be implemented with virtual machines in a centralized data center. This provides intelligent scaling of computing resources, while decreasing energy consumption and capital expenditure (capex). Mavenir’s innovative vRAN solution (RRU and vBBU) is designed to address the requirements of pre-5G networks with design and programming capabilities that enable simple and inexpensive upgrades to 5G (NR) – providing investment protection and deployment flexibility.

Zero-rating

What is Zero-rating? Zero-rating is the practice of providing Internet access without financial cost under certain conditions, such as by only permitting access to certain websites or by subsidizing the service with advertising. Mavenir’s Mobile Data Sponsorship Platform builds a bridge between Carriers and the advertisement ecosystem, allowing Carriers to offer a Marketing Monetization Service and enabling enterprises/marketers to engage with users by giving them frictionless connectivity.